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A comparison of small-area deprivation indicators for public-health surveillance in Sweden

Scand J Public Health. 2021 Jul 20:14034948211030353. doi: 10.1177/14034948211030353. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAIMS: The aims of this study were to construct a small-area index of multiple deprivation (IMD) from single deprivation indicators (SDIs) and to compare the explanatory power of the IMD and SDIs with regard to mortality.

Short Report: Early genomic detection of SARS-CoV-2 P.1 variant in Northeast Brazil

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2021 Jul 19;15(7):e0009591. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0009591. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTracking the spread of SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern is crucial to inform public health efforts and control the ongoing pandemic. Here, we report genetic evidence for circulation of the P.1 variant in Northeast Brazil.

How do biases in sex ratio and disease characteristics affect the spread of sexually transmitted infections?

J Theor Biol. 2021 Jul 9:110832. doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2021.110832. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is inherently linked to host mating dynamics. Studies across many taxa show that adult sex ratio, a major determinant of host mating dynamics, is often skewed - sometimes strongly - toward males or females. However, few predictions exist for the effects of skewed sex ratio on STI epidemiology, and none when coupled with sex biased disease characteristics.

A focused protection vaccination strategy: why we should not target children with COVID-19 vaccination policies

J Med Ethics. 2021 Jul 7:medethics-2021-107700. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2021-107700. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34233955 | DOI:10.1136/medethics-2021-107700

Clinical Efficacy of Patients With Secondary Bacteremia Treated With Omadacycline: Results From Phase 3 Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infections and Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia Studies

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2021 Jun 18;8(6):ofab136. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofab136.

Genomic evidence of SARS-CoV-2 reinfection case with the emerging B.1.2 variant in Brazil

J Infect. 2021 May 21:S0163-4453(21)00256-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2021.05.014. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34029627 | DOI:10.1016/j.jinf.2021.05.014

Genomic surveillance activities unveil the introduction of the SARS-CoV-2 B.1.525 variant of interest in Brazil: Case Report

J Med Virol. 2021 May 15. doi: 10.1002/jmv.27086. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe appearance of new variants of SARS-CoV-2 has recently challenged public health authorities with respect to tracking transmission and mitigating the impact in the evolving pandemic across countries. B.1.525 is considered a variant under investigation (VUI) since it carries specific genetic signatures present in P.1, B.1.1.7 and B.1.351. Here we report genomic evidence of the first likely imported case of the SARS-CoV-2 B.1.525 variant, isolated in a traveler returning from Nigeria.

Risk of cardiovascular mortality, stroke and coronary heart mortality associated with aircraft noise around Congonhas airport, São Paulo, Brazil: a small-area study

Environ Health. 2021 May 13;20(1):59. doi: 10.1186/s12940-021-00746-7.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Noise pollution is increasingly recognised as a public health hazard, yet limited evidence is available from low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), particularly for specific sources.

Identifying key questions in the ecology and evolution of cancer

Evol Appl. 2021 Feb 8;14(4):877-892. doi: 10.1111/eva.13190. eCollection 2021 Apr.ABSTRACTThe application of evolutionary and ecological principles to cancer prevention and treatment, as well as recognizing cancer as a selection force in nature, has gained impetus over the last 50 years. Following the initial theoretical approaches that combined knowledge from interdisciplinary fields, it became clear that using the eco-evolutionary framework is of key importance to understand cancer.

SARS-CoV-2 shifting transmission dynamics and hidden reservoirs potentially limit efficacy of public health interventions in Italy

Commun Biol. 2021 Apr 21;4(1):489. doi: 10.1038/s42003-021-02025-0.ABSTRACTWe investigated SARS-CoV-2 transmission dynamics in Italy, one of the countries hit hardest by the pandemic, using phylodynamic analysis of viral genetic and epidemiological data. We observed the co-circulation of multiple SARS-CoV-2 lineages over time, which were linked to multiple importations and characterized by large transmission clusters concomitant with a high number of infections. Subsequent implementation of a three-phase nationwide lockdown strategy greatly reduced infection numbers and hospitalizations.